Der amerikanische Wissenschaftler im Bereich des psychologischen Krieges Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger schrieb anlässlich des zweiten Weltkrieges: „In seiner speziellen Propaganda waren die Russen gleichermaßen direkt und realistisch. Sie brachten den Deutschen in Erinnerung die Mahnung von Bismarck wegen der Gewaltanwendung im Osten. Sie benutzten alle möglichen Propagandamanöver. Sie verwandelten die Kriegsgefangenen in sein Aktiv. Sie agitierten eine Reihe von den deutschen Generalen für das Teilnehmen an der Bewegung „ Freies Deutschland“. Die Kriegsgefangenen waren in der Propaganda benutzt.
Im Großen Vaterländischen Krieg stießen nicht nur zwei sozial gegensätzliche wirtschaftliche Systeme, Kriegsmacht und Kriegsstrategien, sondern auch zwei prinzipiell unterschiedliche Ideologien und auch die moralischen und ethischen Werte. Die Ideologie des Faschismus baute sich aus dem Kult der Gewalt, dem Rassismus, der Überlegenheit der arischen Rasse, für die man den „Lebensraum“ der hassenswerten sowjetischen Menschen und Kommunisten erobern musste; sie vernichteten Millionen von Menschen, zerstörten ihre Häuser, Städte und Dörfer, historische und kulturelle Denkmäler, vergriffen an die tausendjährigen Traditionen der Völker des mächtigen Landes.
Das geistliche Potenzial des sowjetischen Volkes war auf den geschichtlichen Grundsätzen der Geistigkeit, der Denkweise und der Autorität der heiligen Symbole – die Heimat, der Staat, die Armee – gebildet. Der geistliche Faktor gründete während des zweiten Krieges auf der sozialistischen Ideologie, und auf den traditionellen, moralischen Werten und zwar: der Kollektivismus, die soziale Gerechtigkeit, die Staatlichkeit, die Gewissenhaftigkeit, der Humanismus.
The 9th of May 2015 is a day when all progressive humanity celebrates the 70th anniversary of the Victory of the Soviet people over Hitler's fascism in the Great Patriotic War.
The number of feats, large and small, performed by warriors of the Red Army and Navy cannot be counted. We bow our heads before the courage of fighters, partisans, and clandestine warriors fighting for every village, every nameless height while fulfilling the order of the Motherland "Not one step back!" There is no counting all that was created by the bright minds and gifted hands of engineers, technicians, workers and kolkhoz members who proved by their deeds what it means to live by rule "Everything for the battle front! Everything for Victory!"
The main duty for subsequent generations of the country — a debt to the generation of the victors — is to preserve the historic memory of the Great Patriotic War; to pay tribute to the heroic feats of living veterans of the war and labour fronts of the Great Patriotic War; to never forget a single dead soldier and consign them to oblivion.
In this regard, the staff of the State National Library of the KChR (Karachay-Cherkess Republic) named after Kh. B. Bairamukova set the goal — to prepare a book "The Gold Stars of Karachay-Cherkess" and collect short bibliographic facts about our countrymen — Heroes of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation, full holders of the Order of Glory, three degrees, Heroes of the Socialist Labour and full holders of the Labour Glory of all degrees — and tell about each of them while providing their stories with portraits.
The book publishes a history of establishing the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the Russian federation, presents interesting facts about the lives of people marked with such high degree of decoration and about those who were given this high title more than once.
Soldiers, Heroes of War and Labour, who sacrificed their blood for the Great Victory, who rose from the ruins the Motherland are passing away. With them, the living history and chronicles of heroic battles, war fortitude, courage and self-sacrifice also die.
It is supposed that to stop this one more step connected with the publishing of this book has been made.
This is a small price to pay for all that they have done for us.
70 years have passed since the end of the Great Patriotic War. But the younger generation of that time still remembers all the horrors they experienced. And when they talk about that grievous period, their eyes well up with tears.
The number of veterans dwindles with every passing year. Of course, this upsets all of us so much. In a very difficult time for our homeland, they rushed into the flames of war, unafraid. The awards and medals received during the war decorate their breast today, proving their heroism. And after the war, their life wasn't easy. While our fighters shed blood for the country, the elderly, women, and children who stayed behind were forcibly relocated to Central Asia and Kazakhstan.
Today we want to tell in our magazine about one of the veterans – Magomet Elkanov, a renowned teacher, known for his conscientious work.
He was born in 1922 in the village of Ak Kala to the large family of Kaziy Elkanov where there were 9 children. In 1940 Magomet graduated from pedagogical college in Mikoyan-Shakhar. In October of the same year, he was drafted into the army. Not even a single year passed until the Great Patriotic War began. By a twist of fate Magomet was in Leningrad.
It is likely that there is not a single person who has not heard about the Siege of Leningrad. Magomet Elkanov, not sparing his own life, fought in Leningrad for 999 days. After the war began, the military wanted to send Magomet to a military college. But he refused, citing the fact that he had already had a pedagogical education. He was appointed the radio operator of a platoon of an artillery regiment. After a while, however, Magomet was sent to college. After completing his courses, the staff sergeant and mortar man Elkanov went to the frontline again.
At the initiative of the Cherkessk office of the “Kjarachay khalk tyoryu” organization, on the 27th of March this year, Manaf Batchayev, Oumar-Aly-hadji Bostanov, and I started searching for the veterans of the Great Patriotic War (World War II) living in Cherkessk. Of course, we all know that few of them survived. In spite of this, walking along street by street, we found 12 veterans, and got acquainted with all of them. And each of them was such a person about whom songs or legends could be written. Among them was one woman, and today I want to tell the readers about her.
Fatima Alimovna Chichkhanchiyeva was born in 1921 in the village of Verkhnyaya Mara (Upper Mara) of the Karachay region. Her early days were spent in the Zelenchuksky region, in the village of Housa.
In 1940, having graduated from medical assistants’ and obstetric school in Mikoyan-Shahar, Fatima started working in Housa. She would likely have kept working there if not for the Great Patriotic War. Fatima was sent to a hospital in the city of Zheleznovodsk. Working there, she continually asked to be sent to the frontlines. When the leadership understood that she wouldn’t leave them alone, Fatima was sent to the 11th Division of the 132nd Regiment. There, she became the commander of sanitary office.
98 years, just think, is considerable age. On the other hand, if scientists are right, provided that human life is spent in peace and quiet, a person could live up to 150-200 years …
After the October Revolution people experienced not only hunger, but also repression, and grievous years of the Great Patriotic War. And our people also experienced the infernal torments of resettlement. And how could a human’s life not be reduced? It lasts for our people, at most, 75-80 years …
Ismail Izhayev witnessed many troubles in his life. Having passed difficult years of war, in 1947, while searching for his family, he arrived in the Talassky region of Kyrghiz SSR where in sovkhoz (soviet farm) “Tabak” (Tobacco) of the Pokrovsk area together with his relatives he experienced, like all the other Karachay families, hunger and poverty. And all of this misfortune occurred after being disabled of the seсond degree in the Great Patriotic War.
Life isn’t easy for Ismail today either: diseases torture him. He is almost incapable of walking by himself. He is hard-of-hearing. But, despite all of this, he is attentive and perceptive, he clearly and accurately answers the questions he is asked.